Cardiovascular disease is the leading global cause of death, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year, This is expected to grow to more than 23.6 million by the year 2030. ... Nearly 787,000 people in the U.S. died from heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases in 2011. back in India also, the statistics is alarming.
So, no other organ in the body is as important as the heart. In fact, heart is more important than brain. It is the heart’s duty to pump blood (inc. oxygen and nutrients), to all the tissues of the body,including brain. If this pumping fails, vital organs like the brain and kidneys will suffer. And if the heart stops working altogether, death can occur within minutes. It's true, that life itself is completely dependent on the efficient operation of the heart.This is what makes heart disease such a serious matter.
Now, cardiovascular disease refers to a class of diseases that involve the heart and/or blood vessels (e.g. arteries). The main types of CVD are coronary artery disease, stroke and heart failure/cardiomyopathy, but less common forms include rheumatic and congenital heart disease.
CVD is commonly related to atherosclerosis. This is a process whereby fatty deposits ('plaques') form in your arteries, causing them to narrow and possibly block completely.
By recognizing the warning signs and symptoms and seeking medical care promptly, one can avert or reduce the severity of a heart attack or stroke.
According to the World Heart Federation, there are five modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease.Those include high blood pressure, obesity, tobacco use, high cholesterol and lack of physical activity, Additional risk factors include diabetes, advancing age, family history and gender.
The leading preventable risk factor for deaths caused by cardiovascular disease is high blood pressure. Thirteen percent of all global deaths attributed to cardiovascular disease result from high blood pressure, according to the World Heart Federation. The next most common preventable risk factor is tobacco use, which accounts for 9 percent of deaths from cardiovascular disease. High levels of blood glucose, often due to diabetes, ties with physical inactivity to account for an additional 6 percent each of global deaths due to cardiovascular disease. Obesity accounts for 5 percent of cardiovascular disease-related deaths.
But heart disease can be prevented if early measures are taken .. It can be prevented through balanced diets, exercise and all through lifestyle changes . Advanced medicines are also available to take care of heart diseases .. So, equipped with such knowledge and advice from health practitioners we can combat with this major risk. Otherwise it will be too late for us ..